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Cherokee Nation Unites with Confederacy


On October 28, 1861, the Cherokee Nation posted a declaration to unite their fortunes with those of the Confederate States of America.

The Cherokee people’s origins were in the South and they believed their institutions similar to those of the Southern States, although they’d accepted the protection of the United States, contracted treaties of alliance and friendship and allowed themselves to be governed by their laws.

When “dissensions between the Southern and Northern States culminated in a separation of State after State from the Union”, the people grew anxious. Because of their small numbers, they were reluctant to take sides. They believed maintaining a strict neutrality to be their only recourse. 

But as more States seceded and the Confederate Army grew, as well as the number of Confederate victories against the Northern Army, the Cherokee Nation saw fit to declare themselves to share in the common cause of the South and share in its fortune on the 21st day of August, 1861.

A formal declaration was signed by Thomas Pegg, President of the National Committee on October 28, 1861.

For more information:

And also on this day in American Civil War history:

Confederate General Simon Bolivar Buckner, in charge of military affairs in Kentucky, was replaced by General Albert Sydney Johnston, after Buckner “moved troops into a state that was supposed be neutral ground”.

In Braintree, Massachusetts a man “was accused of spreading pro-secessionist statements. He was ridden out of town on a rail.”

And the State of Missouri declared: “That all political ties of every character now existing between the government of the United States of America and the people and government of the State of Missouri, are hereby dissolved…”

Passed by the Senate, October 28, 1861
Passed by the House, October 30, 1861  

Susan Macatee sets her stories of romance during and just after the American Civil War. Her passion for this period in American history also extends to the paranormal. You’ll find time travelers, ghosts, and vampires in the mix.

Her interest in the period stems from her years spent as a civilian Civil War reenactor, alongside her husband, who did the military side, with the 28th Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment for about ten years.



  1. Carioline Clemmons says:

    Susan, thank you so much for this post. My great-grandmother was a Cherokee and I had not realized why men in her family all served in the Confederacy. As usual, your post was infromative and well presented.

  2. Thanks, Caroline! It’s an interesting story. I knew the Union army used Native Americans as scouts, but they were treated badly. I never though about them being associated with the Confederate Army.

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